Earth sensing capabilities yesterday and today

  • P. Razzhivalov Joint Stock Company Space Rocket Centre «Progress» – Scientific and Production Enterprise «OPTEKS», Russia, Zelenograd, Moscow. Institute of Nano – MicroSystem Technology National Research University of Electronic Technology (MIET), Russia, Zelenograd, Moscow http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1715-1580
  • N. Korobova Institute of Nano – MicroSystem Technology National Research University of Electronic Technology (MIET), Russia, Zelenograd, Moscow http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1782-4298
  • S. Shatalova Institute of Nano – MicroSystem Technology National Research University of Electronic Technology (MIET), Russia, Zelenograd, Moscow http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5196-1360

Abstract

At present, the expansion of the orbital constellation of Earth remote sensing satellites continues. Thetechnical characteristics of the imaging equipment are being improved. The article discusses the mainreasons for the inaccurate referencing of Earth remote sensing data, namely, the errors in measuring theparameters of the orbit and the error in the orientation of the spacecraft. It has been established that theGlonass / GPS systems are responsible for the first error, and the devices for determining the coordinatesof stars (orientation sensors by stars) are responsible for the second. The analysis of the modern devicescharacteristics for determining the stars coordinates of spacecraft from well-known world companies hasbeen carried out.It has been established that the results of measurements of these systems and devices must be taken intoaccount in the geometric correction of images. The problems associated with the stages of development,production and control tests of the performance of these devices have been identified. The solution of theseproblems will make it possible to equip spacecraft for remote sensing of the Earth with star sensors, which,working in conjunction with imaging equipment, will be able to provide the required characteristics of theimages obtained with a spatial resolution of less than 40-50 cm and a spatial reference accuracy of 2-3 m.The accuracy of devices measurement for determining the coordinates of stars affects the accuracy of theimages binding of Earth remote sensing. It was found that the accuracy sensor characteristics of the SpaceResearch Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences are in the range from 1 arc.sec. up to 2 arc.sec. Themain contribution to the error is made by the standard deviation of measurements carried out with the helpof devices for determining the coordinates of the stars (random error).
Key words: remote sensing, star sensor, error, orientation.
 
How to Cite
RAZZHIVALOV, P.; KOROBOVA, N.; SHATALOVA, S.. Earth sensing capabilities yesterday and today. Physical Sciences and Technology, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 1-2, p. 26-34, july 2021. ISSN 2409-6121. Available at: <https://phst.kaznu.kz/index.php/journal/article/view/247>. Date accessed: 19 jan. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.26577/phst.2021.v8.i1.03.
Section
Electronics and Related Techology